How to Make a Slate Walkway

How To Make A Slate Walkway: Ultimate Guide

To make a slate walkway, follow these steps: first, plan out the design and area where the walkway will be installed. Second, remove any grass, debris, or obstacles from the area.

Then, lay down a layer of gravel and compact it to create a level base. Finally, place the slate stones on top of the gravel and secure them in place with concrete or sand. A slate walkway can be a beautiful addition to any outdoor space, adding both function and aesthetic appeal.

Whether you are looking to create a new walkway or replace an existing, outdated one, the process of installing a slate walkway can be simple and straightforward if you follow the correct steps. We will discuss the best practices for making a slate walkway in your outdoor space, including planning, preparation, installation, and maintenance.

Tools Needed

To make a slate walkway, you will need several tools, including a shovel, landscaping fabric, wheelbarrow, crushed stone, slate stones, and a rubber mallet. First, prepare the area by removing any grass and weeds, then add a layer of crushed stone to serve as a base.

Next, lay the landscaping fabric and add the slate stones, tapping them into place with the rubber mallet. Finally, fill in the gaps with more crushed stone and enjoy your new walkway.

In order to make a beautiful slate walkway, there are some tools needed to make the process easier and efficient. Having the right tools will ensure that the slate walkway is laid down properly without any complications. In this blog post section, we will discuss the basic tools and optional tools you need to make a slate walkway.

Basic Tools

  • Measuring tape
  • Stake
  • Spray paint
  • Shovel
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Rake
  • Level
  • Tamper
  • Plate compactor
  • Masonry chisel
  • Hammer
  • Safety glasses
  • Gloves
  • Dust mask

Optional Tools

  • Circular saw
  • Power drill
  • Masonry saw
  • Angle grinder
  • Jigsaw

Having the basic tools is essential in making a slate walkway, these tools include the ones that help you prepare the ground, such as the measuring tape, stake, and spray paint for marking out your layout. The shovel, rake, and wheelbarrow are also important for the task, as they help you remove any dirt or debris from the area. The level, tamper, plate compactor, masonry chisel, and hammer help during the installation process and ensuring that the slate walkway is level and stable.

Optional tools can make the project easier, but they are not necessary for a good end result. A circular saw, power drill, masonry saw, angle grinder, and jigsaw can make cutting and shaping the slate easier. It is important to have safety gear like gloves, safety glasses, and dust masks to ensure protection while handling the tools.

With these tools, you can successfully make a slate walkway that complements the exterior of your home. These tools not only make the job easier, but also ensure safety and accuracy in the result.

How to Make a Slate Walkway: Ultimate Guide


Preparing The Site

Making a slate walkway provides an elegant and natural look to the outdoor area of your home. Proper planning and execution make a huge difference in the final outcome. In this article, we will guide you through the steps needed to create a stunning slate walkway. The first step is to prepare the site. Here’s how you can do it:

Measuring And Outlining The Walkway

Before starting the project, measure the area where you want the walkway to be. In order to create an appealing look, make sure that you create a curve or a pattern while outlining. Use garden stakes to mark the outline of the walkway. This will give you an exact idea of what the final outcome will look like.

Removing Grass And Debris

The next step is to remove the grass and debris from the marked area. Use a sharp garden edger or a spade to cut out the grass. You can also use a weed killer to kill the grass or weeds to avoid regrowth. After removing the grass, remove any rocks, debris, or roots from the soil.

Leveling The Area

The soil needs to be level to ensure your walkway is stable and even. Use a leveling tool or a rake to level the soil. Ensure that the surface is flat and even.

Adding A Base Layer

After leveling the area, add a base layer of crushed stone or gravel. This provides stability to the walkway. The depth of the layer should be at least 4 inches. Spread it evenly and use a compactor to compress it. Use a level to ensure that the base layer is even.

Laying The Slate

Create a beautiful slate walkway with these helpful tips. Begin by laying a solid foundation of gravel and sand, followed by precisely placing the slate stones in a pattern of your choice. The final result will be a durable and aesthetically pleasing addition to your home or garden.

Choosing The Right Slate

Choosing the correct type of slate for your walkway is essential. Look for slate with earthy tones that complement your home’s exterior. The thickness of the slate should be at least 1 inch, and the surface should be flat and even. Keep in mind that slate can be expensive, so buy only what you need.

Cutting Slate

Before laying the slate, it may be necessary to cut it into the desired size and shape. This can be done using a circular saw with a diamond blade or a chisel and hammer.

Arranging And Fitting The Slate

Arrange the slate on a flat surface before placing it in the intended location. Fitting slate is similar to putting together a puzzle, so take your time to ensure a seamless fit. Begin at the starting point of your walkway and place each piece of slate securely, leaving about 3/8 inch of space between each stone.

Adding Filler Material

Once you have arranged and fitted the slate, fill the gaps between the stones with sand, gravel, or mortar. This will help stabilize the walkway and prevent the slate from moving.

Sealing The Walkway

Finally, seal the walkway with a stone sealer to protect it from moisture, dirt, and debris. Apply the sealer according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Allow the sealer to dry completely before using the walkway.

In conclusion, laying a slate walkway adds beauty and elegance to your outdoor living space. By following these steps and taking your time, you can create a stunning walkway that complements your home and enhances your landscaping.

How to Make a Slate Walkway: Ultimate Guide


Maintaining The Walkway

Maintaining the walkway is crucial to prolong the lifespan of a slate walkway. Regular cleaning and removal of debris, as well as replacing broken or worn out slate pieces is necessary. Additionally, applying a sealant can help protect the slate from outside elements and keep its natural color intact.

Maintaining the walkway is an important aspect of ensuring your slate walkway lasts for years to come. Regular maintenance ensures the walkway stays clean, safe and beautiful. This can be easily done by following a few simple steps, such as sweeping and cleaning, repairing cracks and damage, and replacing slate when necessary.

Sweeping And Cleaning

Sweeping and cleaning the slate walkway is necessary to remove debris, dirt, and other unwanted materials that could cause damage or make the walkway slippery. You can sweep the walkway with a broom or use a leaf blower to remove large debris. In addition, you can clean the walkway with a garden hose and a stiff-bristled brush to remove any stains or dirt buildup. For tough stains, you can use a mild detergent mix with water.

Repairing Cracks And Damage

Over time, slate walkways may develop cracks and other damages. It’s vital to repair these issues immediately to avoid further damage. Simply prepare a mixture of water and cement and apply it to the damaged areas using a trowel. After that, smoothen the surface and allow it to dry for a few hours.

Replacing Slate

If the damaged area is beyond repair, you may need to replace the damaged slate. First, remove the damaged slate using a chisel and hammer. Then measure the hole and cut a new piece of slate to fit the gap. Make sure the new slate matches the original slate and replaces it. Once the new slate is in place, tap it down using a rubber mallet to ensure it’s even with the other slates.

Maintaining a slate walkway requires a little effort, but it’s well worth it because it’ll keep the walkway looking beautiful for years to come. By following these simple steps of sweeping and cleaning, repairing cracks and damage, and replacing slate, you can ensure the slate walkway always remains safe, beautiful, and clean.

Frequently Asked Questions Of How To Make A Slate Walkway

What Do You Put Under A Slate Walkway?

For a slate walkway, you need to put a layer of crushed stone, sand or gravel as a base for stability and drainage. This will also prevent weeds from growing through the slate. It is recommended to excavate the area to a depth of at least 6 inches and then add the base layer. The slate can then be laid on top and secured with mortar or sand.

How Do You Make A Natural Stone Walkway?

To make a natural stone walkway, follow these steps: 1. Prepare the walkway site by outlining and removing the top layer of soil. 2. Lay down a layer of landscape fabric and fill in with a base layer of gravel or sand.

3. Arrange your natural stone in the desired pattern and use a rubber mallet to level the stones. 4. Fill the gaps with sand or gravel and compact the surface. 5. Water the walkway to settle the stone and enjoy your new natural stone walkway.

What’s The Difference Between Slate And Flagstone?

Slate is a geologic rock classification, while flagstone is a commercial term for any relatively thin, flat rock. Slate carries more information, while flagstone is a general term.

What Is The Best Base For A Flagstone Walkway?

Gravel is the best base for a flagstone walkway.

How Do You Prepare The Ground For A Slate Walkway?

To prepare the ground, remove grass and debris, then create a level base with crushed stone and sand.


Creating a slate walkway is an easy and affordable way to enhance the beauty of your outdoor space. As we have discussed, the key to making a sturdy and eye-catching walkway is to carefully plan and prepare the base, select the right type of slate, and properly set and fill the stones.

With the right tools and materials, you can DIY your slate walkway and transform your garden into a stunning piece of scenery. So, get your creative juices flowing and start building your dream slate walkway today!